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Science

The goal of our science program is to create and nurture a lifelong curiosity about the world. We feel this is best accomplished by providing classes that are conducted in an open, interactive atmosphere. Students are challenged to discover science concepts through concrete methods before formal explanations or definitions are given. The major emphasis of our science program is to assist in the development of an understanding that will become a part of who they are, rather than a blip of information memorized for a test, and soon forgotten.

Science topics are made relevant to students by exploring them through an active process of experimentation and observation, challenging students to figure out scientific principles. Our science classes are a place for active, participatory exploration, as opposed to passive learning.

We aim for a depth of knowledge in several areas versus superficially covering many topics. Our two-day science program should allow you the peace of mind to check science off your list. Of course, if science is a particularly strong interest area, we recommend continuing study at home. This is one of the benefits of homeschooling!

Science Program Core Sequence
1.) Hands-on Science Sequence
2.) Advanced Hands-on Science Sequence
3.) Introduction to Physical Science
4.) Biology
5.) Chemistry
6.) Physics
7.) Anatomy & Physiology, Genetics, Marine Biology, Theoretical Physics

HANDS ON SEQUENCE

Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Covering a science topic once is not sufficient for students to gain a full understanding of the scientific principles and skills associated with it. For this reason, we rotate topics every three years to increase the expectations and depth of understanding.

Hands on Science 3/4:
The focus is on comprehension, basic understanding of vocabulary, and observations of the concepts being presented. Textbooks are not used and there is minimal homework.

Hands on Science 5/6:
This age group moves beyond basic understanding of vocabulary and concepts to application and analysis of content and scientific principles. A textbook is used as a resource for presenting concepts, but is assigned for homework as online reading, along with moderate written homework. More written work is incorporated into the daily class activities, while experiments require students to begin to critically evaluate their results.

Hands on Science 7 /8:
Class work will include activities that are more abstract and require math and independent reading skills. Experimental procedures are presented, but students will be expected to work more independently and will be required to use the scientific method to write lab reports and record data in ongoing investigations. Students will use a textbook in class and at home for homework.

Here is an example of how the topic of frequency was presented to Hands on Science classes this year.

Hands on Science 3 /4:
Students learned the definition of frequency, discussed examples, and acted out different examples of frequency along with amplitude. They were able to relate frequency to pitch in the music section of the unit.

Hands on Science 5/6:
Students learned the definition of frequency and completed several assignments that required them to define frequency along with many other vocabulary words in both the waves section and the music section of this unit. In one activity, students first identified visual examples of waves with fast, slow, and moderate frequency. Then they used rulers to measure and create waves with different frequencies according to the directions given.

Hands on Science 7/8:
Students answered questions from the textbook about frequency, defined it, discussed examples, and completed activities relating to vocabulary development. An experiment was conducted to observe frequency and its properties. Students then critically evaluated these properties and determined which had the most/least effect on frequency and why.

Hands-On Sequence
Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Our rotation is as follows:

  • 2015/16: Astronomy, Light & Sound, Microbiology (Bacteria, Protists, Fungi), Plants, Reptiles/Amphibians

  • 2016/17 Human Body Systems, Weather, Electricity & Magnetism, Animal Kingdom

  • 2017/18 Chemistry, Earth Materials and Processes, Simple Machines/Newton's Laws, Insects

  • Advanced Hands-on Science 6/7 Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Ages: 11 - 13
    1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $65.00
    In this class, concepts will be presented by immersing students in experiments, activities, discussions, and projects. Students will learn to interpret data from graphs and tables, to develop their critical thinking skills, and to use the scientific process to answer questions. In-class learning will be enhanced through weekly reading and home assignments. This class will lay the groundwork necessary for success in the more advanced sciences.

    Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Covering a science topic once is not sufficient for students to gain a full understanding of the scientific principles and skills associated with it. For this reason, we rotate topics every three years to increase expectations and depth of understanding. This year the topics to be studied are: Chemistry, Earth Materials and Processes, Simple Machines/Newton's Laws, and Insects


    Advanced Hands-on Science 7/8 Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Book Purchase Required
    Ages: 12 - 14
    1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $65.00
    In this class, concepts will be presented by immersing students in experiments, activities, discussions, and projects. Students will learn to interpret data from graphs and tables, to develop their critical thinking skills, and to use the scientific process to answer questions. In-class learning will be enhanced through weekly reading and home assignments. This class will lay the groundwork necessary for success in the more advanced sciences.

    Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Covering a science topic once is not sufficient for students to gain a full understanding of the scientific principles and skills associated with it. For this reason, we rotate topics every three years to increase expectations and depth of understanding. This year the topics to be studied are:Chemistry, Earth Materials and Processes, Simple Machines/Newton's Laws, and Insects


    Advanced Psychology 16+ Rm #21
    Teacher: Sarah Skeggs
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Prerequisites: Psychology
    Ages: 16 and up
    1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    This course is designed for students who have taken introductory psychology and wish to advance their study of social, developmental, and experimental psychology. Students will become familiar with developmental psychology: they will reflect upon, observe, and analyze different models of development in relation to self and others. This class will impart an in-depth study of social psychology, building upon foundational knowledge from the introductory class. In addition, the course will provide an introduction to sociology in which students will learn foundational theories and understand how sociology both relates to and differs from psychology. Students will further their familiarity of experimental psychology. They will design and conduct their own studies, both individually and in groups. Students will run statistical analyses, and present and evaluate their results by writing formal reports in APA format.

    Advanced Robotics 15+ Rm #35
    Teacher: To be determined
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Ages: 15 and up
    1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    This class builds on the concepts of Robotics I and introduces more complexity into the robotic design. Use robotics to bring science, technology, engineering and mathematics to life! Students will be guided step-by-step through the building and programming of robot behavior. They follow up their prototype work with a robotics investigation in which the students experiment with the robot's motors, sensors and programming to learn how robots really work.

    Anatomy and Physiology 15+ Rm #13
    Teacher: Dr. Michael Nichols
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry
    Ages: 15 and up
    2.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    Anatomy/Physiology is an in-depth course for students that will focus on the study of the structure and functioning of the human body. Important current issues in Genetics, Immunology, Biotechnology, and Human Ecology will also be addressed. Topics for consideration may include diseases of the immune system, such as AIDS, DNA "fingerprinting", and organ transplants. Lab activities are an integral part of the course.

    Astrophysics W & F 15+ Rm #35
    Teacher: To be determined
    Outside Work: Significant
    Book Purchase Required
    Ages: 15 and up
    1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    *coming soon*

    Biology 14+ (W) Rm #13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Significant
    Book Purchase Required
    Prerequisites: Intro. to Physical Science.
    Ages: 14 and up
    2.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    The goal of this year-long course is to introduce the fundamental concepts of high school biology. This goal will be accomplished through a variety of methods including readings, discussion, answering questions and reviewing concepts for each chapter, activities, quizzes, and lab experiments. Class time will include short explanations of concepts with discussion and question and answer sessions afterwards. The rest of the time is devoted to hands-on activities and lab experiments. Units of study will be cells and processes, heredity & genes, diversity, ecology, animals, microorganisms, and plants. A CD is available with features such as a full textbook, reading the text aloud, activities, labs, and resources and organizers.

    Biology 14+ Rm #13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Prerequisites: Intro. to Physical Science
    Ages: 14 and up
    1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    The goal of this year-long course is to introduce the fundamental concepts of high school biology. This goal will be accomplished through a variety of methods including readings, discussion, answering questions and reviewing concepts for each chapter, activities, quizzes, and lab experiments. Class time will include short explanations of concepts with discussion and question and answer sessions afterwards. The rest of the time is devoted to hands-on activities and lab experiments. Units of study will be cells and processes, heredity & genes, diversity, ecology, animals, microorganisms, and plants. A CD is available with features such as a full textbook, reading the text aloud, activities, labs, and resources and organizers.

    Boats, Bridges & Boxes 6-8 Rm 9:30-10:45 #11
    Teacher: Jennifer Deming
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 6 - 8
    1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    Get ready for a building bonanza! This class is all hands-on, all the time. Physics, aerodynamics, and fluid dynamics are just a few of the concepts we will explore. Join us as we experiment and build boats, bridges, buildings, flying machines, and more!

    Challenge Accepted! 11-13 Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 11 - 13
    1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    Students will work together in groups to complete a different exciting challenge each week. Each challenge will reinforce problem solving and critical thinking skills. As students get involved in the discovery process, science concepts will be introduced and reinforced. Each challenge will end with a real world research question (an extension of what they discovered and learned).

    Challenge Accepted! 9-11 Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 9 - 11
    1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    Students will work together in groups to complete a different exciting challenge each week. Each challenge will reinforce problem solving and critical thinking skills. As students get involved in the discovery process, science concepts will be introduced and reinforced. Each challenge will end with a real world research question (an extension of what they discovered and learned).

    Chemistry 14+ Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Significant
    Prerequisites: Algebra I and you must have taken Introduction to Physical Science or something equivalent to Leaves Of Learning's Introduction to Physical Science class.
    Ages: 14 and up
    1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    This is an advanced, comprehensive chemistry course for the highly motivated science student. Topics include matter, energy and measurement, atomic structure, bonding, gas laws, The Periodic Table, kinetics and equilibrium, acids and bases, and stoichiometry. Students learn concepts through lectures, discussions, demonstrations and participation in weekly chemistry labs. Current events relevant to the study of chemistry are included to make connections to the real world. Students must have completed Algebra I to take this class. Out-of-class assignments are mandatory.

    CSI/ Science Detectives 6- 8 Rm #13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 6 - 8
    1 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00
    Welcome to the world of detectives and forensic scientists—crime solving, case-breaking, crook catching activities for kids! Studying forensic science allows students to practice skills such as the scientific method, scientific research and experimentation, critical thinking, making observations, analyzing facts, and drawing conclusions by using circumstances that model real-life events.

    CSI/ Science Investigations 9-11 Rm #13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 9 - 11
    1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00
    Welcome to the world of detectives and forensic scientists—crime solving, case-breaking, crook catching activities for kids! Studying forensic science allows students to practice skills such as the scientific method, scientific research and experimentation, critical thinking, making observations, analyzing facts, and drawing conclusions by using circumstances that model real-life events.

    Ew! Gross! Cool! Anatomy 9-12 Rm #11
    Teacher: Jennifer Deming
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 9 - 12
    1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    Welcome to the gooey, gross, glorious world of the human body! Why do we burp? Why do farts smell? How much snot do I make when I’m sick? What’s up with ear wax? Why does my throat hurt? Have you ever wondered about some of the gross goings on in your body? Then this is the class for you. Join us as we learn about the ‘hows and whys’ of our bodies. This class will be interactive, full of experiments and odd information. Let’s have some fun getting grossed out.

    Fantastic Farms 12-14 Rm #31
    Teacher: Julie Doughty
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 12 - 14
    1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    What is "agriculture"? 1,000 acres of wheat in Kansas? A coffee plantation in South America? An Ohio dairy farm? The local farmer's market? All this and more. In this class we'll explore the origins of food, clothing and many other products we use every day and follow their paths from the dirt to our hands. Plant, harvest, cook, experiment, read, write, produce art and enjoy visits from local farm residents - maybe even people - as we learn about the everyday and perhaps surprising impact agriculture has on our lives and world.

    Fantastic Farms 6-8 Rm #31
    Teacher: Julie Doughty
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 6 - 8
    1 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    What comes from farms? Learn about different kinds of farms and the plants and animals that live on them. Plant some seeds, meet some animal friends who help make our food and clothes, and find out how things are grown and raised on a farm. Through stories, visitors, and lots of hands on activities we'll learn about the amazing journeys many of our things take from the dirt to our houses.

    Fantastic Farms 9-12 Rm #31
    Teacher: Julie Doughty
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 9 - 12
    1 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    What do you imagine when you hear the word "farm?" A field of corn? A barn full of animals? Sure farms give us foods like milk and vegetables, but you might be surprised what else comes from a farm. Through art, cooking, stories, experiments, hands on projects, and special visitors, we'll explore the many products that come from different types of farms locally and around the world.

    Geo-Science 8/9 Rm #13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Book Purchase Required
    Prerequisites: Adv. HOS 7/8 or 2 years of Adv. HOS 6/7
    Ages: 13 - 15
    1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $60.00
    This class will include three to four units of study covering topics from the Earth science and life science disciplines. Environmental studies will cover topics such as populations and communities, ecosystems and biomes, and living, non-living, and energy resources. We use a Pearson textbook for this unit along with many interesting activities and games. In the Earth’s Changing Surface Unit we will use activities and labs to map the Earth’s crust, explore rocks, identify minerals, research volcanoes, simulate earthquakes, and examine glacial movement. In the Astronomy Unit we will explore the solar system and beyond. A textbook will be used to provide basic understanding of concepts as we use hands-on activities in class to develop a more thorough level of comprehension and application of concepts.


    Hands-on Science 1/2 Rm #11
    Teacher: Jennifer Deming
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 6 - 8
    1 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $60.00
    In this class, science concepts are introduced to students using experiments, activities, discussions, and projects. Science topics are selected based on science standards, age appropriate curriculum, and the adaptability of the topics so they can be taught using hands-on and minds-on teaching methods. Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Covering a science topic once is not sufficient for students to gain a full understanding of the scientific principles and skills associated with it. For this reason, we rotate topics every three years to increase expectations and depth of understanding. This year the topics to be studied are: Chemistry, Earth Materials and Processes, Simple Machines/Newton's Laws, and Insects

    Hands-on Science 3/4 Rm #13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 8 - 10
    1 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $60.00
    In this class, science concepts are introduced to students using experiments, activities, discussions, and projects. Science topics are selected based on science standards, age appropriate curriculum, and the adaptability of the topics so they can be taught using hands-on and minds-on teaching methods. Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Covering a science topic once is not sufficient for students to gain a full understanding of the scientific principles and skills associated with it. For this reason, we rotate topics every three years to increase expectations and depth of understanding. This year the topics to be studied are: Chemistry, Earth Materials and Processes, Simple Machines/Newton's Laws, and Insects

    Hands-on Science 5/6 Rm # 13
    Teacher: Julie Klettke
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Book Purchase Required
    Ages: 10 - 12
    1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $60.00
    In this class, science concepts are introduced to students using experiments, activities, discussions, and projects. Science topics are selected based on science standards, age appropriate curriculum, and the adaptability of the topics so they can be taught using hands-on and minds-on teaching methods. Science topics for the Hands-On Science students are selected with reference to the Core Knowledge Sequence. The topics are rotated each year to give students in the program for several years an in-depth exposure to a variety of science topics. Covering a science topic once is not sufficient for students to gain a full understanding of the scientific principles and skills associated with it. For this reason, we rotate topics every three years to increase expectations and depth of understanding. This year the topics to be studied are: Chemistry, Earth Materials and Processes, Simple Machines/Newton's Laws, and Insects

    Health and Nutrition 14+ Rm #13
    Teacher: Dr. Michael Nichols
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Ages: 14 and up
    1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    In this class, we will cover many topics that encompass health and nutrition. Nutrition will be a large focus of this class including the topics of healthy eating including macro and micro nutrients, whole foods v refined and processed foods, nutritional supplement pros and cons, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, diseases related to poor nutrition, safe food handling, and more. Other topics covered will include how fitness keeps us healthy, options for healthy fitness regimens, dental health, environmental stress such as air and water quality, first aid and injury prevention, sleep, the risks of tobacco, drugs and alcohol for teens, stress management, and types of health practitioners including alternative health options. There will be some out of class assignments. Class time will involve lectures, group discussions, videos, and guest lecturers.Description coming soon.

    Introduction to Physical Science 14+ Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Book Purchase Required
    Prerequisites: Students must have completed Pre-Algebra
    Ages: 14 and up
    1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $60.00
    There are secrets hiding in everything around us. After taking this class, students will never look at physical phenomena the same way again. This class unlocks the secrets of the physical laws that govern our everyday lives. Students will understand the properties of matter, the nature of gases, force, work, power, energy, magnetism and electricity using a hands-on approach. The class will give students a strong conceptual foundation in physics before they encounter the more theoretical and abstract physical sciences. Out-of-class assignments are mandatory.

    Introduction to Physical Science 14+ Rm #12
    Teacher: Diana Mattson
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Prerequisites: Students must have completed Pre-algebra.
    Ages: 14 and up
    2.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $60.00
    There are secrets hiding in everything around us. After taking this class, students will never look at physical phenomena the same way again. This class unlocks the secrets of the physical laws that govern our everyday lives. Students understand the properties of matter, the nature of gases, force, work, power, energy, magnetism and electricity using a hands-on approach. The class gives students a strong conceptual foundation in physics before they encounter the more theoretical and abstract physical sciences. Out-of-class assignments are mandatory. A basic understanding of algebra is necessary for success in this class.

    Physics 16+ Rm #31
    Teachers: New Teacher, Allison Evans
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Prerequisites: Algebra II is a pre-requisite Algebra II pre-requisite for this class. You must also have completed an Introduction to Physical Science class or something equivalent to Leaves Of Learning's Introduction to Physical Science class.
    Ages: 15 and up
    1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    This is a high school level (college preparatory) comprehensive physics course for the motivated science student. An algebra (minimum) prerequisite is firm, since math is the language of physics and students need to be ready to concentrate on subtle connections rather than on math skills. The focus will be on equipping students to excel in college-level science courses by strengthening both mastery of individual concepts and the overall understanding of physics as a tool set that allows us to predict the outcomes of experiments. Common phenomena are used as the basis for illustrating concepts. Students will perform labs and learn basic written scientific communication. Concepts include: matter and energy, motion, scalars and vectors, fundamental symmetries of nature and forces of nature, force and momentum, work, heat, electricity and magnetism, kinetic theory, wave propagation, atomic physics, and relativity. Out-of-class assignments are mandatory. The textbook Conceptual Physics by Hewitt is used. Students should have access to a scientific (or graphing) calculator.


    Psychology 15+ Rm #21
    Teacher: Sarah Skeggs
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Ages: 15 and up
    1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    This course provides an introduction to the study of psychology. This class will focus on the following core areas of psychology: cognitive, abnormal, personality, social, psychophysiology, psychological research, behavioral psychology, and psychoanalysis. Students will learn the history and progression of the field along with major concepts, theories, and theorists. This course will also offer an introduction to sociology.

    Students will learn about social science experiments and will conduct and participate in each other’s studies. Students will learn how to run statistical analyses of their data and how to interpret the results. Each student will write their own scientific report presenting their study, data, analysis, and conclusions. Outside of class work expectations: moderate (2+ hours per week).


    Robotics 13+ Rm #35
    Teacher: Tiffany Roark
    Outside Work: Moderate
    Ages: 13 and up
    1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $70.00
    Use robotics to bring science, technology, engineering, and mathematics to life!

    Students will be guided step-by-step through the building and programming of robot behavior. They follow up their prototype work with a robotics investigation in which the students experiment with the robot’s motors, sensors, and programming to learn how robots really work.


    Young Engineers 12-14
    Teacher: Tiffany Roark
    Outside Work: Minimal
    Ages: 12 - 14
    1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
    Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00
    If you find yourself taking things apart at home, wondering how mechanisms work, building and designing things, then this class is for you. Come work with a professional engineer to discover your talents. Student's in this class must be self-motivated and come in with an idea or two of possible projects. Projects will be displayed in the LOL Science Fair.

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