Math

Our philosophy for math can be summed up in two words: real life. We believe that math is best learned when it is made meaningful and relevant to a student's life. Therefore, our classes are designed to incorporate real world applications and handson activities.
We offer a comprehensive math program for students ages 318, from beginning math concepts through calculus and beyond.
LOL Math Sequence
Math 1/2Math7/8 Sequence
PreAlgebra
Algebra I or Honors Algebra
Geometry
Algebra II (may be taken after Algebra I)
PreCalculus
Calculus (AP available)
Advanced Math Classes Scheduled as Needed
Please note: Many of the math classes have prerequisites. We set these to ensure, as much as possible, that students will have the necessary skills to be successful in each class. Please make sure your child meets all requirements listed for the class. For more information, contact the specific teacher.
In addition, while it is anticipated that each class will cover the topics listed in the class description, this may not always be possible. Here's our philosophy:
We believe it is important for students to work at their own level.
Depending on the makeup of the class, each year's class may move at a different pace.
We consider depth of knowledge to be more important than breadth. Given a choice between "finishing the book" and delving as deeply into each topic as the students need in order to grasp it fully, we will choose the latter every time.
Therefore,if a class is unable to "finish the book" by the end of the year, families will be responsible to make sure their child accomplishes any additional material they need to move on to the next level. Teachers will let families know if there is anything that they need to work on over the summer. Most classes each year are able to cover the necessary topics for each level.

Algebra I 13 + Rm #30
Teacher: Julie Hamman
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 13 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This is algebra at its best! Students learn basic algebra concepts such as solving equations/ inequalities with variables, solving systems of equations, exponents, graphing linear equations, roots, radicals, and quadratic equations. The Key Curriculum Press Algebra Series is used.


Algebra II 14+ 9:30 Rm # 24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Significant
Book Purchase Required
Prerequisites: Algebra I

Ages: 15 and up
1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This class uses the text Advanced Algebra Through Data Exploration, by Key Curriculum Press which combines integrated, contemporary content with an active and engaging approach to learning. Students work in small groups to collect data, develop and analyze mathematical models, explore patterns and relevant questions, make and defend predictions, discuss and present their findings, and write about mathematics. The text also presents algebraic problems in such a manner as to encourage students to approach problems from multiple perspectives. Tests are used as a tool for students to assess their own mastery. Purchase of a Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator is required. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.


Algebra II 11:00 Rm #24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Significant

Ages: 14 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

Students work in small groups to collect data, develop and analyze mathematical models, explore patterns and relevant questions, make and defend predictions, discuss and present their findings, and write about mathematics. The text also presents algebraic problems in such a manner as to encourage students to approach problems from multiple perspectives. Tests are used as a tool for students to assess their own mastery. Purchase of a Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator is required. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.


Algebra II 14+ Rm #24
Teacher: To be determined
Outside Work: Significant
Book Purchase Required

Ages: 14 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

Students work in small groups to collect data, develop and analyze mathematical models, explore patterns and relevant questions, make and defend predictions, discuss and present their findings, and write about mathematics. The text also presents algebraic problems in such a manner as to encourage students to approach problems from multiple perspectives. Tests are used as a tool for students to assess their own mastery. Purchase of a Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator is required. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.


Basic Geometry 13+ Rm #30
Teacher: Julie Hamman
Outside Work: Moderate
Prerequisites: completion of Algebra I

Ages: 13 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

Here is a nonintimidating way to prepare students with a basic understanding of geometry. This class will introduce students to a wide range of geometric discoveries as they do stepbystep constructions.
Using only a pencil, compass, and straightedge, students begin by drawing lines, bisecting angles, and reproducing segments. Later they do sophisticated constructions involving over a dozen steps—and are prompted to form their own generalizations. When they finish, students will have been introduced to 134 geometric terms and will be ready to tackle formal proofs.


Brain Games 912 Rm #11
Teacher: Jennifer Deming
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 9  12
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This action packed, dynamic class will focus on improving the critical thinking skills that are crucial for students. Through games, puzzles, activities, and experiments, students will build their logic skills, problem solving, memory skills, coding ability, and more.


Calculus 16+ Rm #24
Teacher: To be determined
Outside Work: Significant
Book Purchase Required

Ages: 16 and up
1 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This course is presented as a study of four fundamental concepts: limits, derivatives, and two kinds of integrals. Review of precalculus topics is done as it is needed, rather than all at once at the beginning of the course. From day one students work on learning concepts using a fourpronged approach: numerical, graphical, algebraic, and verbalwhichever is appropriate. With these approaches, realistic applications are possible, such as fitting a logistic equation to actual census data. As a result, students with a wider range of abilities can be successful in calculus, not just those students strong in algebra. Developed specifically with the high school student in mind, but with all the content of a collegelevel course, this class takes full advantage of graphing calculator technology. Tests are used as a tool to assess students' own mastery. Purchase of a Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator is required. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class. There is an extra $20 fee for book rental added to the material fees for this class.


Crafty Math II 810 Rm #33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 8  10
1 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

All new projects! Get ready to cut, glue, paint, thread, draw and more as students investigate math concepts through their creativity. Class projects will delve into many aspects of math: shapes, measurement, number sense, symmetry, patterns, statistics and more! This class is for Makers who are excited to combine their love of crafting with math explorations. Let’s get crafting mathematically!


Honors Algebra Rm #35
Teacher: Tiffany Medcalf (Roark)
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 13  15
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This class uses the the Discovering Algebra book by Key Curriculum Press which integrates the traditional algebra curriculum with statistics, data analysis, functions, discrete mathematics, geometry, and probability. Students work with data from realworld situations and applications in a curriculum that places algebra in an applicationsbased context and where investigation precedes introductions of formulas and expressions.
By focusing on exploration, rather than simply naming concepts and completing computation exercises, students gain a deeper understanding and build skills that last. Learning new material through their own investigations enables students to make meaningful personal connections to the numbers, patterns, arguments, and mathematics they discover. This class makes the transformation from ruledominated, symboloriented manipulationbased algebra to an activity and experimentbased algebra. Word problems relate algebra to everyday situations, which help students understand abstract concepts. Tests are used as a tool for students to assess their own mastery. Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator required, but no previous experience with the calculator is necessary. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.


Honors Geometry 14+ Rm #35
Teacher: Tiffany Medcalf (Roark)
Outside Work: Significant
Book Purchase Required
Prerequisites: Algebra I

Ages: 14 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This is a comprhensive, high school level, handson, cooperative approach to learning geometry. Students will explore geometric relationships using a wide variety of toolsfrom compasses to computers, from patty papers to graphing calculators. This class guides students to discover and master concepts and relationships before they are introduced to formal proofs, drawing students in with real life examples and applications from many cultures and disciplines. Tests are used as a tool to assess their own mastery. Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator required, but no previous experience with the calculator is necessary. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.


Individualized Math 12+ Rm #24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Moderate
Book Purchase Required

Ages: 12 and up
1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This is a class designed to give students the opportunity to work on the specific math skills needed by each as an individual.Students take a preliminary test to determine where they are and continue from there. This class can accommodate students from General Math Skills through Algebra II, excluding Geometry. Each student will work at his/her own speed and level. Regular daily homework required.


Individualized Math 12+ Rm #30
Teacher: Julie Hamman
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 12 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This class gives students the opportunity to work on the specific math skills needed by each student as an individual. Students take a preliminary test to determine where they are and continue from there. This class can accommodate students from General Math through Algebra II. Each student works at their own speed and level. Regular daily homework required.


Individualized Math 12+ Room 35
Teacher: Tiffany Medcalf (Roark)
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 12 and up
1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This class gives students the opportunity to work on the specific math skills needed by each student as an individual. Students take a preliminary test to determine where they are and continue from there. This class can accommodate students from General Math through Algebra II. Each student works at their own speed and level. Regular daily homework required.


Individualized Math 13+ Rm #24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 13 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This is a class designed to give students the opportunity to work on the specific math skills needed by each as an individual.Students take a preliminary test to determine where they are and continue from there. This class can accommodate students from General Math Skills through Algebra II (not Geometry). Each student will work at his/her own speed and level. Regular daily homework required.


Magic Tricks Using Physics 912 Rm #30
Teacher: Allison Evans
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 9  12
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

The main reason to study physics is to enhance the way you see the physical world. Like visiting a new country, there’s also a language associated with physics  to become fluent in that language is to better interact with the world.
You can’t enjoy a game unless you know its rules. Likewise, you can’t fully appreciate your surroundings until you understand the rules of nature. Physics is the study of these rules, which show how everything in nature is beautifully connected.
We will perform magic tricks using what we learn about these Physics topics: Mechanics, Properties of Matter, Heat, Sound, Electricity & Magnetism, and Light.


Math 1/2 Rm #11
Teacher: Jennifer Deming
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 6  8
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

Students explore & refine basic key math skills & concepts (listed below) through creative methods. Math projects are introduced to reinforce and enhance basic math skills & concepts.
comparing and ordering numbers
place value
addition facts
addition
subtraction facts
subtraction
relationship between addition and subtraction
fractions
adding and subtracting fractions
decimals
multiplication
division
measurement
time
patterns and sequences


Math 3/4 Rm #33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 8  10
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

A comprehensive math class that balances skillsdriven strategies & realworld practice to effectively help students understand math & internalize math concepts. The comprehension of mathematical concepts, operations, & relations, emphasizing reasoning and critical thinking skills helps develop math proficiency in all areas. The curriculum includes continual practice & review of skills, depth of understanding, & differentiated instruction.
(Outside work: moderate) Book purchase required.
Topics covered:
Place Values
Comparing and Ordering Numbers
Addition
Relationship between Addition and Subtraction
Subtraction
Decimals
Rounding and Estimating
Multiplication Facts
Multiplication
Relationship of Multiplication and Division
Division Facts
Division
Decimals
Fractions
Measurement
Geometry
Perimeter and Circumference
Patterns


Math 5/6 Rm #33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 10  12
1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This is a comprehensive math class that assumes students have a basic understanding of the concepts and computation skills necessary to work competently with the four basic operations. Students will sharpen these basic skills through practice. They will also study fractions, decimals, percents, measurement, simple geometry, and have experiences with probability.
This class will be a balance of skillsdriven strategies & realworld practice to effectively help students understand math & internalize math concepts. The comprehension of mathematical concepts, operations, & relations, emphasizing reasoning & critical thinking skills, will help develop math proficiency in all areas. The curriculum is designed to include continual practice & review of skills, depth of understanding, & differentiated instruction.
(Outside work: moderate) Book purchase required.
Skills to be covered listed below:
Place Values
Comparing and Ordering Numbers
Addition
Subtraction
Rounding and Estimating
Computation
Divisibility
Percents, Fractions and Decimals
Ratios
Measurement
Perimeter and Circumference
Area
Surface Area
Volume
Geometric Figures
Geometric Calculations
Geometry
Integers
Expressions, Equations and Inequalities
Statistics
Scientific Notation
Exponents
Patterns


Math 6/7 Rm #33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 11  13
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This is a comprehensive math class that covers the topics necessary to prepare students for PreAlgebra. Students intuitively explore concepts for a basic understanding so they know when to apply what they have learned. Several hours of homework will need to be completed each week for success in this class.
Skills covered are listed below:
comparing and ordering Numbers
addition
subtraction
multiplication
division
fractions, decimals and percents
comparing and ordering numbers
positive and negative integers
computation with fractions and decimals
ratios
divisibility
properties, special quantities and operations
rounding and estimation
measurement
geometric properties
geometric calculations
perimeter and circumference
area
surface area
volume
positive and negative integers
expressions, equations and inequalities
statistics
scientific notation
exponents
patterns


Math Help 13+ Rm # 24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 13 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $30.00

Need extra math help? PreAlgebra, Algebra I, or Geometry, topics can be addressed.


Math Help 13+ Rm #35
Teacher: Tiffany Medcalf (Roark)
Outside Work: Minimal
Book Purchase Required
Prerequisites: Must be currently be taking a math class at LOL or at home.

Ages: 13 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $30.00

Need extra math help? Would you like an experienced math teacher there to help when you run into questions on your math homework? This is the class for you.


Math Help 912 Fri. Rm # 33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 9  12
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $30.00

This class is for students who would like help with their math homework or assistance with newly learned math skills.


Math Help 912 Wed. Rm #33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 9  12
1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $30.00

This class is for students who would like help with their math homework or assistance with newly learned math skills.


Math through Origami 1013 Rm# 30
Teacher: Allison Evans
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 10  13
1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

Origami, the traditional Japanese art of paper folding, is a fun and rewarding hobby that helps to develop handeye coordination and attention to detail, encourages peer support and fosters relationship building.
It is also a complex geometric pattern, even if the model folded was a simple one. Sophisticated concepts like rotations, reflections, tessellations, congruency, fractions, ratios, polygons are part of the vocabulary.


Personal Finance & Prac. Life Skills 16+ Rm # 30
Teacher: Allison Evans
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 16 and up
1.5 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $35.00

• Money Matters: Why It Pays to Be Financially Responsible
• Dream Big: Money and Goals
• Road Rules: Researching and Buying a Car
• The Cost of College: Financing Your Education
• A Perfect Fit: Finding the Right Career for You
• Keeping Score: Why Credit Matters
• Privacy Please: Protecting Your Identity
• Making it Work Together: Money and Roommates
• A Plan for the Future: Making a Budget
• Make It Happen: Saving for a Rainy Day
• Savvy Spending: Sharpening Money Decisions
• Bank or Bust: Selecting a Banking Partner
• Nothing But Net: Understanding Your Take Home Pay
• Using Credit Wisely
• The Danger of Debt: Avoiding Financial Pitfalls
• Home Sweet Home: Purchasing a Place
• Smooth Sailing: Exploring Insurance and Estate Planning
• A Way to Wealth: Understanding Interest and Investments
• Financial Forces: Understanding Taxes and Inflation
• The Tools to Build Your Financial Dream
• Buy, Sell or Hold?: An Overview of Investing
• Kindness Counts: Understanding Charitable Giving
• And Many Practical Life Skills: Changing a tire, sorting laundry, sewing on a button……


Personal Finance & Prac. Life Skills 16+ Rm #30
Teacher: Allison Evans
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 16 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $35.00

• Money Matters: Why It Pays to Be Financially Responsible
• Dream Big: Money and Goals
• Road Rules: Researching and Buying a Car
• The Cost of College: Financing Your Education
• A Perfect Fit: Finding the Right Career for You
• Keeping Score: Why Credit Matters
• Privacy Please: Protecting Your Identity
• Making it Work Together: Money and Roommates
• A Plan for the Future: Making a Budget
• Make It Happen: Saving for a Rainy Day
• Savvy Spending: Sharpening Money Decisions
• Bank or Bust: Selecting a Banking Partner
• Nothing But Net: Understanding Your Take Home Pay
• Using Credit Wisely
• The Danger of Debt: Avoiding Financial Pitfalls
• Home Sweet Home: Purchasing a Place
• Smooth Sailing: Exploring Insurance and Estate Planning
• A Way to Wealth: Understanding Interest and Investments
• Financial Forces: Understanding Taxes and Inflation
• The Tools to Build Your Financial Dream
• Buy, Sell or Hold?: An Overview of Investing
• Kindness Counts: Understanding Charitable Giving
• And Many Practical Life Skills: Changing a tire, sorting laundry, sewing on a button……


PreAlgebra 13+ Rm #35
Teacher: Tiffany Medcalf (Roark)
Outside Work: Moderate
Book Purchase Required

Ages: 12 and up
1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This is a handson class covering operations on integers, variable terms and expressions, solving equations, graphing, basic geometry, formulas, measurement, statistics and probability. For the most part, inclass time is spent on interactive activities where students experience mathematics in a concrete way. The athome work will be a paper and pencil reinforcement of the inclass topic. Tests are used as a tool for students to assess their own mastery. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.
Prerequisites: Students must be competent in the four basic operations (+, , x, /) on whole numbers, decimals, fractions (including multi digit) and percents and their applications; Measurement: choosing appropriate units, converting from one unit to another, operations (+x/) on measurements  in both standard and metric system. In addition, students must have been exposed to data gathering; data display; basic geometry; and probability.


PreAlgebra 13+ Rm #35
Teacher: Tiffany Medcalf (Roark)
Outside Work: Moderate

Ages: 12 and up
1.5 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

This is a handson class covering operations on integers, variable terms and expressions, solving equations, graphing, basic geometry, formulas, measurement, statistics and probability. For the most part, inclass time is spent on interactive activities where students experience mathematics in a concrete way. The athome work will be a paper and pencil reinforcement of the inclass topic. Tests are used as a tool for students to assess their own mastery. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class.
Prerequisites: Students must be competent in the four basic operations (+, , x, /) on whole numbers, decimals, fractions (including multi digit) and percents and their applications; Measurement: choosing appropriate units, converting from one unit to another, operations (+x/) on measurements  in both standard and metric system. In addition, students must have been exposed to data gathering; data display; basic geometry; and probability.


PreCalculus 16+ Rm #24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Moderate
Prerequisites: Algebra II and 1 year of high school Geometry

Ages: 16 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

Analytic geometry and advanced topics in algebra are presented in this course. Students study algebraic, logarithmic, exponential, and matrix functions. A thorough treatment of trigonometric concepts and applications through the study of identity proofs, solutions of right and oblique triangles, solutions of trigonometric equations, logarithms, and vector applications and complex numbers. Tests are used as a tool to assess their own mastery. Purchase of a Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator is required. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class. There is an extra $20 added to the material fee to rent the book for the year.


Precalculus 16+ Rm# 24
Teacher: Jennifer Showalter
Outside Work: Significant
Book Purchase Required
Prerequisites: Algebra II and 1 year of high school Geometry

Ages: 16 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $40.00

Analytic geometry and advanced topics in algebra are presented in this course. Students study algebraic, logarithmic, exponential, and matrix functions. A thorough treatment of trigonometric concepts and applications through the study of identity proofs, solutions of right and oblique triangles, solutions of trigonometric equations, logarithms, and vector applications and complex numbers. Tests are used as a tool to assess their own mastery. Purchase of a Texas Instrument 83+ graphing calculator is required. Outsideofclass work is mandatory for this class. There is an extra $20 added to the material fee to rent the book for the year.


Probability & Statistics 14+ Room 31
Teacher: To be determined
Outside Work: Moderate
Book Purchase Required
Prerequisites: Algebra I

Ages: 15 and up
1.25 Hour Class; 2 days/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

Statistics is the language of data, probability is the art of decision making. A firm grasp of these concepts enables one to be a better consumer, voter, judge of information, and is vital to any professional field.
TOPICS – Analyzing categorical data, Displaying and comparing quantitative data, Summarizing quantitative data, Modeling data distributions, Exploring bivariate numerical data, Study design, Probability, Counting, permutations, and combinations, Random variables, Sampling distributions, Confidence intervals, Significance tests (hypothesis testing), Twosample inference for the difference between groups, Inference for categorical data (chisquare tests, Advanced regression* (inference and transforming), Analysis of variance (ANOVA) (*time permitting) Graphing calculator required.


Storybook Math 68 Rm #33
Teacher: Elizabeth TillisGilland
Outside Work: Minimal

Ages: 6  8
1.25 Hour Class; 1 day/week
Yearly Materials Fee : $45.00

This is a class in which children’s literature and mathematics connect! Developing mathematical understanding occurs naturally when children use math in connections with things they already know. Students of all reading abilities and mathematical understanding will feel comfortable and successful as we work together to explore a variety of mathematical concepts. We’ll be reading many picture books filled with mathematical ideas and great stories! Students will put on their thinking caps and participate in handson mathematics activities related to the stories.


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